is the automotive subsidiary of the Chinese multinationalBYD Co Ltd,It was founded in January 2003, following BYD Companys acquisition of Tsinchuan Automobile Company in 2002.The company produces automobiles, buses, electric bicycles, forklifts, rechargeable batteries and trucks. The current model range of automobiles includes electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids and petrol-engined vehicles.

TheDenzabrand, a joint venture withDaimler AG, produces luxury electric cars.

Electric bus at terminal in Landskrona, Sweden

TheQinchuan QCJ7081 Flyer, later sold as a BYD

The BYD stand at the 2009 Central China High-Tech Fair inShenzhen

BYD Co Ltdcreated the wholly owned subsidiary BYD Auto a year after its 2002 acquisition of theNorinco-owned Qinchuan Machinery Works,6which may have been made solely to acquire the passenger car production license held by the purchased company.7Qinchuan had been manufacturing cars since 1987, when the company began production of the 0.5L (30.5cuin) QJC7050 model.8At the time of the acquisition, theQCJ7181 Flyerwas in production, which from 2005 was rebadged to the BYD Flyer.

In 2008, a plugin hybrid version of theBYD F3compact sedan was introduced.9Total sales in 2009 were 448,400 vehicles.10In the same year, BYD began the export of its cars to Africa, South America and the Middle East, where the cars competed on price, not quality.11

In 2012, the municipal government of Shenzen purchased 500 BYD E6 cars for use as taxis.12A total of 506,189 passenger cars were sold in China in 2013, making it the tenth-largest selling brand.13

In 2013, BYD was awarded The Top Crash Facility Award of the year 2013.14

In 2014, theBYD Qinplug-in hybrid had total sales of 14,747 (plus a relatively small number of sales in Latin America),1516In 2015, sales of the Qin increased to 31,89817and the Qin was the 88th highest selling sedan in China.18In 2016, theBYD Tangplug-in hybrid SUV had 31,405 sales, the plug-in hybrid version of the Qin compact sedan had 21,868 sales and theBYD e6electric compact MPV had 20,605 sales.19By 2016, total sales of the Qin were 68,655 cars.1920

In 2015, the company was planning to open factories in Brazil to produce electric cars and buses.21In July 2015, exports to Russia were suspended, due to the war in Ukraine and the falling value of the Russian currency.22BYD was the highest selling brand of highway legal light-duty plug-in electric vehicles (combined sales for plug-in hybrids and battery electric cars),23with 61,772 passenger vehicles sold, mostly plug-in hybrids.24BYD continued as the worlds top selling plug-in car manufacturer in 2016 with over 100,000 units sold, up 64% from 2015. BYD sold more than 100,000 new energy passenger cars in China in 2016. The BYD Tang was the top selling plug-in car in China in 2016 with 31,405 units delivered.

BYD achieves top rankings of 2015 J.D Powers Quality Study.25

In September 2016, the company became the third largest manufacturer of plug-in cars, with a total of 161,000 plug-in cars produced since 2008.26Also in September 2016, the company introduced a range of electric sanitation truck models, to be used in Beijing.27

BYD e1city car based on the F0 (electric vehicle)

BYD E-Seed GTconcept sports car (electric vehicle)

BYD Qincompact sedan (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle)

BYD S2subcompact SUV based on the Yuan (electric vehicle)

BYD Songcompact SUV (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle)

BYD Song MaxMPV (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid)

BYD Tangmid-size SUV (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle)

BYD Yuansubcompact SUV (petrol engine / electric vehicle)

In 2019, BYD launched its global design center, which is led by an all-star team of industry veterans from Audi, Ferrari, and Mercedes-Benz. Leading the team isWolfgang Egger. The carmaker unveiled its E-SEED GT, the first joint effort from the new design team, at the Auto Shanghai industry show in April 2019. The futuristic design concept reflects the sleek lines of the Chinese dragon, and the company plans to feature more Chinese cultural symbols in future models.35

BYD Auto had been accused of taking designs from other manufacturers. Articles claimedBYD F1is a clear copy of theToyota Aygo,36that theBYD S6closely apes theLexus RX,37theBYD F3is a copycar of theToyota Corolla38theBYD S8has a similar appearance to aMercedes-Benz SL-Class,39and theBYD F8features an almost identicalMercedes-Benz CLKfront-end andRenault Megane CCrear.40Although the U.S. government had been advised by its consul-general in Guangzhou, China that BYD uses an approach of copying and then modifying car designs. Chinese courts ruled BYD has not infringed on patents.41

A company logo formerly used by BYD Auto from 2005-2009 strongly resembled theBMWlogo.4243

In December 2018, the Albuquerque council filed a lawsuit against BYD for issues including bolts falling off doors, doors opening on their own and battery range issues.44BYD disputed the citys allegations and disputed Mayor Tim Kellers false and misleading statements.45The lawsuit was settled with no money changing hands. A joint statement was issued in May 2019.46

Facilities consist of two manufacturing plants inXian, an R&D center and manufacturing plant inShenzhen(the headquarters of BYD Co Ltd), a manufacturing plant in Changsha, a manufacturing plant in Shaoguan, and an R&D center and parts plant inShanghai.47Construction of a third manufacturing plant in Xian resumed in 2011, following the company being fined for illegal land use.48

Manufacturing plants for buses opened inDalianLiaoning provincein late 201449andLancaster, Californiain May 2013.5051

In May 2010, theShenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Co., Ltd., trading as Denza was established withDaimler AG52to produce luxury electric vehicles.53TheDenza 500model is based on the previous generationMercedes-Benz B-Class.54

In 2010, BYD Auto sold a total of 519,800 vehicles, representing 2.9% of the market in China and the sixth largest manufacturer.4755In 2011, the BYD sales rank was outside the top ten.56In 2012, the company became the 9th largest car manufacturer in China, producing over 600,000 vehicles.57

The majority of vehicles are sold within China, however export markets include Bahrain,58the Dominican Republic,5960Ukraine61and Moldova.62

The North American headquarters opened inLos Angelesin 2011.63As of 2013 BYD Auto sells thee6andElectric Busin the United States as fleet vehicles only. BYD has supplied theLos Angeles Metrosystem with buses since 2015. A 2018 investigation by theLos Angeles Timesfound reliability issues with the BYD buses.64

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Antony Marceles (20 January 2010).2009 Chinese Auto Sales. Nitrobahn. Archived fromthe originalon 14 July 2011.

Marc Gunther (13 April 2009).Why Warren Buffett is investing in electric car company BYD. CNNMoney. Archived fromthe originalon 27 April 2009.

Ma, Nan (6 September 2012).Pure EV lured by wealthy Chinese markets. The Morning Whistle. Archived fromthe originalon 17 January 2013

BusinessWire (18 November 2013).BYD Wins ATTI Crash Test Facility of the Year.

Staff (14 January 2015).2014 EV Sales Ranking.

Jeff Cobb (10 February -10 Global Best-Selling Plug-in Cars.

A total of 14,747 Qins were sold in China in 2014.

Cobb, Jeff (12 January 2016).Tesla Model S Was Worlds Best-Selling Plug-in Car in 2015.

TheTesla Model Swas the top selling plug-in electric car in 2015 (50,366), followed by theNissan Leaf(about 43,000), theMitsubishi Outlander P-HEV(about 39,000), theBYD Qin(31,898) and theBMW i3(24,057).

Staff (14 January 2016).Best-selling Sedan in 2015.

A total of 31,898 Qins were sold in China in 2015.

Staff (19 January 2017).Best-selling China-made EVs in 2016.

Three BYD Auto models topped the Chinese ranking of best-selling new energy passenger cars in 2016. The BYD Tang SUV was the top selling plug-in electric car in China in 2016 with 31,405 units sold, followed by the BYD Qin with 21,868 units sold, and ranking third overall in 2016 was the BYD e6 with 20,605 units.

Cobb, Jeff (17 October 2016).China Now Ties US For Leadership In Cumulative Global Plug-In Sales.

Wang, Joey.BYD to open passenger car Factory in Brazil.

John Voelcker (15 January 2016).Who Sold The Most Plug-In Electric Cars In 2015? (Its Not Tesla Or Nissan).

Natasha Li (4 March 2016).Alternative Energy Vehicles Account HALF of BYDs Profits for the Very First Time in 2015.

BYD Auto delivered 69,222 new energy vehicles in China in 2015, including buses, of which, a total of 61,722 were passenger vehicles, mostly plug-in hybrids, led by the Qin and Tang.

PRNewswire (13 November 2015).BYD Ranks at Top of J.D.Powers Quality Study.

Cobb, Jeff (7 November 2016).Chinas BYD Becomes Worlds Third-Largest Plug-in Car Maker.

BYD, Beijing Sanitation Group Launch Electric Trucks

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BYD Claims Production of 10,000th Pure Electric Bus-news-

While Tesla Tackles Cars, BYD Attacks Diesel Emissions With New Truck Line.

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ODell, John (13 March 2017).First of 27 BYD Electric Trucks Deployed at California Freight Yard

BYD takes aim at high-end market with bold design strategy.

RX for Success… or lawsuit? Chinas BYD gets its Lexus tribute on.

Upcoming Releases: S6, Another Copycar from BYD?.

BYD S8 Convertible: A Chinese Chopstick Dumpling Deathtrap.

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Special Report: Warren Buffetts China car deal could backfire.

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Albuquerque files lawsuit against ART bus vendor.

City, maker of electric ART buses settle suit.

Norihiko Shirouzu (14 October 2010).Beijing Halts Construction of BYD Auto Plant. The Wall Street Journal.

BYD says to restart construction of China Xian plants. Reuters. 5 April 2011.

Shahan, Zachary (6 May o BYD Manufacturing Facilities Launched In Lancaster.

BYD delivers first massive 60-ft all-electric bus in the US: 275 miles range on 547 kWh battery pack. 4 May 2017

Daimler, BYD hope luxury Denza will spark China e-car sales.

BYD and Daimler in EV Joint Venture. ChinaAutoWeb. 27 May 2010.

Steitz, Christoph (24 March 2012).Daimler to present electric car for China-magazine.

Bertel Schmitt (19 January 2011).China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars?. The Truth About Cars.

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BYD models to appear in Bahrain. Global Times. 8 December 2010.

Peravia Motors presenta al mercado dominicano nueva marca de vehculos BYD(in Spanish). El Nuevo Diario. 11 February 2010. Archived fromthe originalon 4 October 2011

Dominican capital turns Chinese yellow, with taxis. 5 February 2010. Archived fromthe originalon 22 March 2012.

Chinas automaker BYD launches its brand in Ukraine. Xinhua. 26 October 2011.

Auto Centru Elita 5, BYD dealer in Chisinau, Moldova. Archived fromthe originalon 12 April 2012.

John, Paige St (20 May 2018).Stalls, stops and breakdowns: Problems plague push for electric buses.

Vehicle manufacturing companies established in 2003

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